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Farm Bills 2020: What is special about the Modi government’s agricultural bill, why are farmers opposing it?

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Farm Bills 2020: Why Farmers are Feeling Minimum Support Price (MSP) and Mandi Exhausted. Is the government not able to solve this?

New Delhi. Modi Government has passed the Agriculture Bills 2020 in the Lok Sabha and it will be introduced in the Rajya Sabha on Sunday. There is a lot of anger against this bill of the government among the farmer leaders. He says that these bills will increase the problem of those feeders who have handled the economy. In case of any dispute in contract farming, its decision will be in the conciliation board, whose most powerful officer has been made to SDM. Its appeal will only be with the DM i.e. the Collector.

In this issue, farmers have organized a tractor movement in Punjab and traders have gone on strike of mandis in four states. Overall, both farmers and traders have united against it. However, the central government is calling it a master stroke in the direction of agri reform.

On 3 June, the Modi cabinet had approved two new ordinances and approved amendments to the EC Act. Those who have now got approval from the Parliament. Now these laws have become.
Let us know what are those aspects, about which the concern of both farmers and traders has increased. What is the fear about these laws, which the government is not able to remove from the minds of the economy heroes. Or is it okay to assess farmers and traders about their future? What do both sides have to say.

Farmer (Endowment and Security) Agreement on Price Assurance and Agricultural Services Law 

Government Claims: This law has been implemented by the government on the issue of contract farming. This will reduce the risk of farming and improve the income of farmers. On the basis of equality, the farmer will be able to connect with processors, wholesalers, big retail traders, exporters etc. Farmers’ access to modern technology and better inputs will be ensured. This means that contract farming will be promoted under this. In which big companies will contract with the farmer for a particular product. Its price will be decided in advance. This will eliminate the problem of not getting good prices.

Fear of farmers:Organizations and some experts who work for food providers say that with this law, the farmer will remain a laborer in his own farm. The central government wants to impose the farming model of western countries on our farmers. Companies exploit farmers in contract farming. They reject their product as bad. On the other hand, traders are afraid that when big market leaders will buy the produce from the fields then who will ask the agents. Who will go to the market

Agricultural Produce Commerce and Trade Promotion and Facilitation Law 

Government Claims: With the enactment of this law, a smooth and free environment will be created for the farmers, in which they will have the freedom to buy and sell agricultural products according to their convenience. ‘One country, one agricultural market’ will be formed. Anyone can sell their produce anywhere. Farmers will get more options, which will reduce the cost of the market and they will get better price for their produce.

With this law, any person, company, super market holder of PAN card can buy goods of any farmer at any place. The condition of sale of agricultural goods to the Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) has been lifted. There will be no tax on the purchase which will be out of the market.

Fear of farmers:When the farmers do not purchase the produce, the government will not be able to regulate whether the farmers are getting the minimum support price (MSP). MSP is not guaranteed. Farmers are demanding a guarantee of minimum support price for their crops. They want to make it a legal right of the farmers, so that those who buy below the fixed rate can be put in jail. There is also a big fear among the farmers with this law that in case of a dispute between the farmer and the company, the court cannot be knocked. Only SDM and DM will work out solutions which work under the state government. Can they work free from government pressure?

Traders say that the new law of the government clearly states that market fees will be levied on the arrival of crops inside the market and there will be no market fees for selling grains outside the market. In such a situation, the mandis will end gradually. Why would anyone buy goods in the market? They feel that it will promote Ordinance One Nation to Market.

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